Graduated and Ph.D. in agronomic engineering from the Instituto Superior de Agronomia (University of Lisbon). Currently, is a coordinating teacher at Escola Superior Agrária de Bragança, where he teaches subjects in the area of botany and biochemistry.
For over 35 years, Carlos has been dedicated to the study of the flora and vegetation of continental and insular Portugal. His research interests also extend to pasture agronomy, herbivore-pasture interactions, extensive animal production, tropical agriculture systems and the history of agronomy.
Recently, within the framework of Lisbon-European Green Capital 2020 and part of the Botany in Portuguese collection, he has published three textbooks that cover major themes in botany, from evolution to biology, structure and systematics of vascular plants.